Like all vegetation tea, often known as the Camellia sinensis plant has varied distinguishing traits. Tea bushes are literally thought of an evergreen. Unless frequently pruned again for cultivation functions, they’ll develop over 30 ft tall. Tea farmers, nevertheless, are properly conscious of this truth and preserve the plant below management to assist in harvesting.
The leaves of a tea plant have an oval form and alternate on the bush. Most branches have a median of 10-11 leaves on a 12-inch department. The size might be about from one to 12 inches, and the width twice that. The plant yields blossoms with stamens that additionally get harvested for tea.
Tea leaves have a leathery, easy texture and, on the grownup stage, a darkish inexperienced coloration. They have 4 lobes with seeds inside every leaf. Tea leaf seeds stay dormant till they’re able to sprout primarily based on the surroundings. Tea flowers develop each singly and on leaf axis. Both leaves and flowers turn out to be a part of business tea.
Tea thrives within the subtropics, notably areas that obtain at the least 50 inches of rainfall yearly. While the plant can survive different environments, together with excessive elevations, probably the most secure vegetation require that quantity of hydration.
India vs. China
Different tea cultivators usually have totally different cultivating areas. Assam comes from Northeastern India, whereas Darjeeling grows within the Himalayas. Nilgiri grows in even larger elevations than the Darjeeling. The mild nature of those teas makes them very appropriate for mixing with different varieties. The Chinese tea bush is smaller in stature, typically rising to about 9 ft tall. Its native to this area and the oldest tea tradition to be found.
Tea grows greatest in barely sandy soil that gives acidity.
Best Parts of the Plant
Flushes, or the primary 1-2″ of a mature tea plant, are thought of the perfect a part of the tea bush. During a superb season, tea vegetation produce new flushes each 7-10 days, however the first flush is taken into account the best high quality tea. Each subsequent harvest has decreased worth to connoisseurs.
A tea could also be named in response to the area from which it comes. More generally, nevertheless, its given coloration designations like inexperienced, black, and white. These designations don’t have anything in any respect to do with the anatomy of a tea bush, however quite with the way it will get processed. Black tea is extremely oxidized in comparison with white tea that is barely dealt with to keep away from any kind of bruising.
What Makes for Good Tea?
Chinese sayings inform us that one of the best tea vegetation are people who develop within the excessive mountains. This concept could tie to the optimistic nature of mountains in Feng Shui philosophy. More scientifically the mountains protect the tea bush in opposition to each mist and an excessive amount of daylight. Just like grapes and wine, the rising surroundings impacts tea high quality closely, as does the expertise of the processor. Generally, nevertheless, the Spring Flush is favored for the very best quality teas of any coloration or processing method.